Millennial Spring Source – Supplement to Archive Updates 183B & 185A
Supplement to Archive Updates 183B & 185A
August 12, 2005
The ancient Pool of Siloam, which was fed by the same spring that now runs underground through Hezekiah’s tunnel under the Old City of Jerusalem of King David’s time, has been uncovered as attested in the article which closes this supplement to 183B & 185A.
Priests were required to go down into a cavern under Herod’s temple to immerse nightly in a spring that flowed under it. It was mandatory they do so before coming on duty the following day.
Their self-immersion was a mikvah, or ritual bath, without which they were not allowed to participate in the three daily sacrifices.
For the last 29 years I have lectured about the spring that ran from the southwest to the northeast under the temple on the northern end of Herod’s temple foundation. It continued northeast into the old Pool of Siloam outside the northeastern corner of the temple mount, then east, then southeast, then south down the Kidron Valley, and finally became visible by walking down two flights of stairs to step into the water that flowed south through Hezekiah’s Tunnel for some 1750 feet.
This is the spring that will be cut off when the land is lifted from Geba to Rimmon, and thereby surface on the temple mount to flow some 4000 cubits to the east through the divided Mount of Olives. You will f ind details on it
in Archive Prophecy Updates 183B and 185A, and Figures of it under Archive Birth Pang Figures 42 through 48. During the non-rainy time of the year, when the water table of springs and wells dropped in Israel, additional water was supplied to the spring by a conduit of water that was brought northward to western Jerusalem from springs to the south and west of Jerusalem.
Zechariah 14:10 – All the land shall be turned as a plain from Geba to Rimmon south of Jerusalem: and it shall be lifted up, and inhabited in her place, from Benjamin’s gate unto the place of the first gate, unto the corner gate, and from the tower of Hananeel unto the king’s winepresses.
Zechariah 14:8 – And it shall be in that day, that living waters shall go out from Jerusalem; half of them toward the former sea, and half of them toward the hinder sea: in summer and
in winter shall it be.
Ezekiel 47:1-5 – Afterward he brought me again unto the door of the house; and, behold, waters issued out from under the threshold of the house eastward: for the forefront of the house stood toward the east, and the waters came down from under from the right side of the house, at the south side of the altar.  Then brought he me out of the way of the gate northward, and led me about the way without unto the utter gate by the way that looketh eastward; and, behold, there ran out waters on the right side.  And when the man that had the line in his hand went forth eastward, he measured a thousand cubits, and he brought me through the waters; the waters were to
the ancles.  Again he measured a thousand, and brought me through the waters; the waters were to the knees.
Again he measured a thousand, and brought me through; the waters were to the loins.  Afterward he measured a thousand; and it was a river that I could not pass over: for the waters were risen, waters to swim in, a river that could not be passed over.
The spring that ran under the temple mount northeastward to feed the biblical Pool of Siloam had been archeological unearthed just outside where the northeastern wall of the temple mount stood.
The following article from the Los Angeles Times by Thomas H.
Maugh describes this recent discovery.
BEGIN LOS ANGELES TIMES ARTICLE
Biblical Pool of Siloam Uncovered in Jerusalem
Tuesday, August 9, 2005
By Thomas H. Maugh II, Los Angeles Times
Workers repairing a sewage pipe in the old city of Jerusalem have discovered the biblical Pool of Siloam, a freshwater reservoir that was a major gathering place for ancient Jews making religious pilgrimages to the city and the reputed site where Jesus cured a man blind from birth, according to the Gospel of John.
The pool was fed by the now-famous Hezekiah’s Tunnel and is “a much grander affair” than archaeologists previously believed, with three tiers of stone stairs allowing easy access to the water, according to Hershel Shanks, editor of Biblical Archeology Review, which reported the find yesterday.
“Scholars have said that there wasn’t a Pool of Siloam and that John was using a religious conceit” to illustrate a point, said New Testament scholar James H. Charlesworth of the Princeton Theological Seminary.
“Now, we have found the Pool of Siloam … exactly where John said it was.” A Gospel that was thought to be “pure theology is now shown to be grounded in history,” he said.
The discovery puts a new spotlight on what is called the pilgrimage to Jerusalem, a trip that religious law required ancient Jews to make at least once a year, said archaeologist Ronny Reich of the University of Haifa, who excavated the pool.
“Jesus was just another pilgrim coming to Jerusalem,” he said. “It would be natural to find him there.”
The newly discovered pool is less than 200 yards from another Pool of Siloam, this one a reconstruction built between A.D. 400 and 460 by the empress Eudocia of Byzantium, who oversaw the rebuilding of several biblical sites.
The site of yet another Pool of Siloam, which pre-dated the version visited by Jesus, is still unknown.
That first pool was constructed in the eighth century B.C. by the Judean King Hezekiah, who foresaw the likelihood that the Assyrians would lay siege to Jerusalem and knew that a safe water supply would be required to survive it.
He ordered workers to build a 1,750-foot-long tunnel under the ridge where the City of David was located. The tunnel connected Gihon Spring in the adjacent Kidron Valley to the side of Jerusalem less vulnerable to an attack.
The first Pool of Siloam was the reservoir holding the water brought into the city. It presumably was destroyed in 586 B.C., when Babylon’s King Nebuchadnezzar razed the city.
The pool of Jesus’ time was built early in the first century B.C. and was destroyed by the future Roman emperor Titus about A.D. 70. The pool was discovered last fall by a repair team, supervised by Eli Shukron of the Israel Antiques Authority, that was excavating a damaged sewer line.
As soon as Shukron saw two steps uncovered, he stopped the work and called in Reich, who was excavating at the Gihon spring. When they saw the steps, Shukron said, “We were 100 percent sure it was the Siloam Pool.”
With winter approaching rapidly, the two men had to hurry their excavation, so the sewer could be repaired before the rainy season.
As they began digging, they uncovered three groups of five stairs each, separated by narrow landings. The pool was about 225 feet long, and they unearthed steps on three sides.
They do not yet know how wide and how deep the pool was because they have not finished the excavation. The fourth side lies under a lush garden — filled with figs, pomegranates, cabbages and other fruits — behind a Greek Orthodox Church, and the team has not yet received permission to cut a trench through the garden.
“We need to know how big it is,” Charlesworth said. “This may be the most significant and largest ‘mikvah’ [ritual bath] ever found.”
END LOS ANGELES TIMES ARTICLE
It is possible that this garden maintains its “lush” condition partially because the spring still flows under it before making its east and south dip under the Kidron valley, to finally become visible at the base of two flights of ancient stone steps leading down to it as it begins its 1750 foot flow down Hezekiah’s tunnel.